# Materials Science

### Dynamics of evaporative colloidal patterning

Fluid Mechanics Materials ScienceDrying suspensions often leave behind complex patterns of particulates, as might be seen in the coffee stains on a table. Here, we consider the dynamics of periodic band or uniform solid film formation on a vertical plate suspended partially in a drying colloidal solution. Direct observations allow us to visualize the dynamics of band and film deposition, where both are made of multiple layers of close packed particles. We further see that there is a transition between banding and filming when the colloidal concentration is varied.

### Algorithm for microfluidic assembly line

Fluid Mechanics Materials Science MicrofluidicsMicrofluidic technology has revolutionized the control of flows at small scales giving rise to new possibilities for assembling complex structures on the microscale. We analyze different possible algorithms for assembling arbitrary structures, and demonstrate that a sequential assembly algorithm can manufacture arbitrary 3D structures from identical constituents. We illustrate the algorithm by showing that a modified Hele-Shaw cell with 7 controlled flow rates can be designed to construct the entire English alphabet from particles that irreversibly stick to each other.

### Short-time dynamics of partial wetting

Fluid Mechanics Capillarity Wetting Materials ScienceWhen a liquid drop contacts a wettable surface, the liquid spreads over the solid to minimize the total surface energy. The first moments of spreading tend to be rapid. For example, a millimeter-sized water droplet will wet an area having the same diameter as the drop within a millisecond. For perfectly wetting systems, this spreading is inertially dominated. Here we identify that even in the presence of a contact line, the initial wetting is dominated by inertia rather than viscosity.

### Mechanisms of liquid slip and solid surfaces

Fluid Mechanics Molecular Dynamics Materials Science Liquid slipOne of the oldest unresolved problems in fluid mechanics is the nature of liquid flow along solid surfaces. It is traditionally assumed that across the liquid-solid interface, liquid and solid speeds exactly match. However, recent observations document that on the molecular scale, liquids can slip relative to solids. We formulate a model in which the liquid dynamics are described by a stochastic differential-difference equation, related to the Frenkel-Kontorova equation. The model, in agreement with molecular dynamics simulations, reveals that slip occurs via two mechanisms: localized defect propagation and concurrent slip of large domains.